Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Robbers Cave Experiment free essay sample

Through the tests practiced you will see he result of various factors added to brood the examinations reason. Hypothesis Experiment The Robbers Cave explore concentrated on a gathering Of young men, how the gatherings are shaped, and the chains of importance made inside the gathering. Burglars cavern likewise centered around what happens when the gathering comes into contact with different gatherings. The test included rivalry inside in the gathering to find a degree of progressions in the gathering. Likewise the gathering passed on a degree of comradely inside the group.The test isolated the young men into 2 gatherings, to start with neither one of the groups realized the other gathering existed. The hypothesis presented the perfect of how gatherings manage mix of another gathering with shared objectives. The Len-bunch development stage was utilized for the gathering to start the holding stage. The holding between the young men help make an interrelation to each other. The gathering was likewise approached to mark their gathering. We will compose a custom exposition test on Looters Cave Experiment or then again any comparative point explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page Marking helped the young men make a character to help recognize themselves with the gathering. The subsequent stage is portrayed as the Friction stage, now each gathering had the option to recognize each gathering existed.During this time each gathering would take part in a progression of rivalry that made a rubbing. There were prizes given to the gathering with the most elevated scores. This likewise prompted the chains of importance between the gatherings. The opposition went on for a few days to develop a level of disappointment among the two gatherings. Because of the rubbing brought about by the serious games this made the irritating environment between the two gatherings. (Green) Entering into the third period of the investigation the young men were completely taken to a typical region they would share together.The third stage Integration was intended to make collaboration among the two gatherings Green). There was a progression of situations intended for the gatherings to achieve together. The main trial was for the gathering to make sense of an approach to fix the water gracefully issue that was vandalized. The gathering together had the option to fix the issue. This likewise made reliance on one another overall. The subsequent examination was for the young men to concede to a film that they would watch during supper. The young men had the option to settle on a film and had the option to eat in a similar normal area.The hypothesis had the option to clarify the idea of what will occur between bunches when certain rabbles happen. It likewise had the option to show that when things of basic intrigue are at the front of issues that can influence all gatherings, they had the option to go to an answer. The Robbers cavern likewise uncovered the effortlessness of how gatherings connect inside a gathering and when another is presented. This is like the manner in which societies draw in with each other. Taking a gander at genuine circumstances Robbers Cave can be utilized as a stage for understanding gathering relations towards one another. Utilizing the case of a rehearsing advisor, who is driving a gathering of secondary school adolescents during a gathering treatment meeting. Burglars cavern can be utilized for the advisor to perceive how gatherings can are shaped inside a gathering. The main model would be a portion of the gatherings individuals are prodding a couple of the other gathering individuals due to their social financial back grounds. The advisor would start to recognize the variable that partitions the gathering. In spite of the fact that Robbers cavern members returned from comparable grounds, the gathering of young people likewise has comparable attributes.Therefore I trust it would be dependent upon the advisor to recognize what might make this gathering progress by presenting themes that are nonpartisan all together or the adolescents to create connections. Culture assorted variety speaks to the Robbers Cave well. When managing an outsider going to the Ignited States, I accept that you can apply the Robbers cavern hypothesis. By understanding the degree of seriousness inside American and the pecking order made from money related capital. The ongoing activity showcase uncovered a degree of bigotry among the gatherings in America. For instance White America was stating that the Hispanics are taking their jobs.This was not sent until the monetary emergency was presented. The shared objective is make an equivalent playing petitioned for each gathering to be working for a shared objective. By putting each gathering in a setting were they compelled to need to rely upon each other will ideally open up the discourse, about how to make occupations for all individuals ii gatherings. End The Robbers Cave hypothesis applies to numerous situations society faces today. The perceptions produced using the Robbers Cave gave understanding on how gatherings are framed and the order made inside the in gathering.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

This I Believe Essay Example for Free

This I Believe Essay â€Å"Come on Blake only one time, nobody will know, simply take one taste and one puff.† And from that day forward I began smoking dark and mild’s, which lead to an every day schedule. In secondary school, I never figured I would smoke nor drink, until I set off for college. Being in secondary school, I generally thought drinking and smoking was unfortunate. It prompts progressively difficult issues that you can't control. I was consistently the greater individual out of my gathering of companions, who might disclose to them directly from off-base, about how undesirable it was. It was even one point in time; I went similarly as inquiring about and passing out the writing of smoking. As the outcome, I lost a couple of companions en route, due to giving out the writing. When I went to school at Western Kentucky University, it appeared as though things changed drastically. The statement â€Å"Never Say Never† truly hit me like a huge amount of blocks. While it might be valid for smoking being undesirable, regardless of this knowing how smoking and drinking was loathsome. I put it all out there realizing it was past my convictions. Nonetheless, I was more than one hundred miles away in a bizarre situation. Inside a couple of days, I began meeting individuals from various urban communities. I turned out to be near this one specific young lady and I started to hang with her and her companions. Before long a short time later things promptly transformed from my convictions of smoking and drinking. Just to fit in, I chose to take a puff and a taste. When I took that one puff and that one taste. Smoking turned into a regular custom, concerning where drinking was an occasionally procedure. However, in my heart, I realized that the choice I was making was not directly for me. I continued revealing to myself throughout each and every day. In any case, the companion weight of my companions constrained me off course. The end is to consistently adhere to what your convictions are and that others may not accept what you believe is right. What's more, all things considered permit somebody to impact you from your convictions, in the end their might be outcomes that you may need to follow.

Friday, August 14, 2020

The Joys of Obscure Fiction

The Joys of Obscure Fiction This is a guest post from Katherine Marciniak. Katherine is an over-caffeinated avid reader and writer. She was featured in the anthology Once Upon an Apocalypse, and loves to beta read and edit when she has the opportunity. Shell do more impressive things after shes finished her tea…and this next chapter. Follow her on Twitter  @MarciniakKatie. You know what I love? Secrets. And I dont mean the ones that are whispered in the dark at middle school sleepovers. I mean the forgotten ideas and ideals of history, particularly the ones in books. I mean the secrets that are held in a book that has been abandoned on a library shelf for so long that dust has accumulated at the top and the pages stick together a bit when you open it up and it has a library card stuck inside with the date 1958 stamped on it. Secrets that are only secrets because people havent thought about them recently. Secrets from authors who have been shouting their ideas for decades til the point where their voice is just a whisper now and their name faded. See, I read the classics. Im not an English major, but I read like one. Ive read Pride and Prejudice and Hamlet and A Farewell to Arms. But Ive also read Queed and Jill the Reckless and the essays in Little Rivers. Ive never seen the movie, but I have read (and cried over) Twelve Years a Slave by Solomon Northup. I was reading the playwright notes to my copy of A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum and I discovered the plays of Roman playwright Plautus, whose plays inspired Shakespeares A Comedy of Errors. (Personally, I think the source material is funnier and tighter, but who am I to say?) I read about, and then had to read for myself, the beautiful poetry of Omar Khayyams Rubaiyat. I have curled up with a copy of Louisa May Alcotts An Old Fashioned Girl and L.M. Montgomerys The Blue Castleâ€"two books that deserve more recognition than they getâ€"because I couldnt just stop at Little Women and Anne of Green Gables. So maybe these books arent complete secrets. But they feel like them. Queed, for example, the story of a little man more interested in studying sociology than he is in actually being social, was a bestseller in 1911 (and made its way into Carneys House Party of the Betsy-Tacy books, which was how I discovered it). There were people, once upon a time, who loved this book and now people give you funny looks if you say youre reading it. I find a certain thrill in reading something that was popular long agoâ€"like Im sharing in a legacy of sorts. Maybe the books I find arent philosophical or wise and maybe they didnt all add something to literature like the classics we remember did, but that doesnt make these old classics useless. They still speak to the human condition (most a little less on the nose than Queed, what with sociology being its subject), with strong characters and stories to tell nonetheless. While its nice to sit back on my heels and flip through a book way back on that bottom shelf and pretend Im the only audience this book has anymore, Id like it if I wasnt so alone. After all, the best part about secrets is sharing them with other people, right? (Okay, maybe not all secrets). So go on out, read a not-so-well-known book by a well-known author! Tell me all about it! The best thing about these forgotten books is that many of them are free downloads on websites like Feedbooks and the Gutenberg project. So go out and look! Theres something for everyone! Sometimes there are bad old books too and thats why theyre not remembered anymoreâ€"but that just makes the classics that have stayed around that much greater (its like comparing the average runner to the Olympianâ€"it puts the Olympian in context). Happy reading! Sign up to Unusual Suspects to receive news and recommendations for mystery/thriller readers.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Piaget s Theory Of Experiential Learning - 1481 Words

In this childhood developmental study, a comparative analysis of the theories of Lee Vygotsky, Jean Piaget, and Howard Gardner will be evaluated through the lens of experiential learning. Through Vygotsky’s realization of the childhood learning through â€Å"hands-on† experience (experiential learning), the cultural and socioeconomic factors defines the progress a child makes in the individual progression towards growth in the educational system. Piaget beheld similar views on experiential learning in the context of the family unit as an extension of social and educational progress through adaptation and guidance. Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences (TMI) also expands upon Vygotsky and Piaget’s premise of experiential learning by understanding the different forms of adaptation in the differing modes of thinking (spatial, visual, verbal, etc.) that educators can utilize in teaching the child. In essence, a comparative analysis of the childhood devel opmental theories of Vygotsky, Piaget, and Gardner define similar methods of experiential learning in the context of childhood development. Vygotsky’s childhood development theory involves the process of â€Å"hands-on† learning as part of an experiential process in a cultural, ethnic, and socioeconomic perception of learning and education. During the early stages of child’s life, the learning process involves the â€Å"mentoring† of children through ethnic, cultural, socioeconomic, and community based-learning (ala. the school system)Show MoreRelatedThe Principal Goals Of Education1226 Words   |  5 Pagesgenerations have done† – Jean Piaget (From remarks at a conference on cognitive development at Cornell University, 1964), and so that is still true of learning in my workplace today. But how does the learning being offered create these men you may ask, and what place does Kolb’s experiential learning cycle take in it all? As I work in a tough railway ‘safety critical’ role the learning can be broken down into several phases each with its own goals. Two phases of learning are more formal than most andRead MoreHow Can Teachers Use Theories and Findings from Developmental Psychology to Inform Classroom Practise.2109 Words   |  9 PagesHow can teachers use theories and findings from developmental psychology to inform classroom practise. Teachers can use theories and findings from developmental psychology to improve the quality of learning that takes place within the classroom by changing the learning methods and social conditions that typify an educational classroom. This essay will attempt to show that although there are many psychological ideas that have theorised and researched different ways to educate; the most successfulRead MorePiaget Vs Vygotsky : Piaget And Vygotsky1314 Words   |  6 PagesTwo Famous Educators: Piaget vs. Vygotsky Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky are often considered the most influential cognitive development and learning psychologists of the 20th century. Their research efforts have inspired numerous interpretations and spawned new outlets of approaching developmental psychology. The following paragraphs will analyze the theories of Piaget of Vygotsky and discuss how their research can be used to advance the use of cognitive development in learning, both traditional andRead MoreEarly childhood educators Essay example781 Words   |  4 Pagesinfluential in both Europe and America in the mid to late 1700s. Rousseau emphasized out of the home schooling and viewed children as innately good. Rousseau reduced the importance of learning by reading and emphasized learning by experience. An example of his work is seen today as children learn through play. Pestalozzi   Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi published a book in 1801 that helped influence the development of seeing his theories put into action. The â€Å"Pestalozzi method† was put into practiceRead MoreReflective Reflection Of Reflective Practice1896 Words   |  8 PagesThe general trend for scholars was to either explain or expound on theories of the previous scholars but Professor of nursing Gary Rolfe (2001) designed a reflective model to simplify the learning cycle. This version of the reflective cycle was comprised of three questions that ask the reflective practitioner: What, So what, and Now what? (Rolfe 2001)The idea is that through these questions we gain a description of the situation ultimately leading to critic of the situation as well as the f knowledgeRead MoreTheories of Cognitive Development: an Insight to the Theories of Piaget, Information-Processing and Vygotsky1464 Words   |  6 PagesTheories of Cognitive Development: An insight to the theories of Piaget, Information-processing and Vygotsky How do we learn? How do we grow? Over the years, psychologists have studied to great lengths the processes that humans go through as they progress from infancy to adulthood. Several theories have emerged over time with three prominent ones. Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky produced two important and distinct theories. Another important theory, the information-processing theory, presentsRead MoreLearning Style Assiginment Essay978 Words   |  4 PagesDevelopment  for  Success  in  Business   Assignment  1   500  words  in  which  I  analyse  my  own  learning  style                                                                                 Student  ID:  14030592   Name:  Kabir  Ali   Tutor:  Katy  Roberts      2   Table  of  Contents      1.  Introduction Page  3      2.  Learning  Style  Analysis Page  3      3.  Conclusion Page  5      4.  References Page  7      5.  Appendices Page  8      3   1.  Introduction      From  an  early  age  I  found  learning  hard  and  in  my  early  educational  years  I   noticed  I  would  stop  paying  attention  in  class  when  I  lost  interestRead MoreThe Foundation Phase Curriculum Completed1318 Words   |  6 PagesThe Foundation Phase Curriculum completed its roll out during the academic year 2011-2012. Making reference to the key messages from the ‘Framework for Children’s Learning for 3 to 7 year-olds in Wales’, what experiences should all children in the Foundation Phase be receiving? The Foundation Phase completed its roll-out during the academic year 2011-2012. However, the Welsh Assembly Government (WAG) constantly observe children via documentation and therefore they adapt the curriculum to best suitRead MoreThe University Of The Atlantic Dorr Museum And The Woodlawn Gardens Museum Essay2221 Words   |  9 PagesI was originally planning on spending my time observing and participating in different museum locations, but with the two education classes I was taking, I also ended up learning a lot about different school settings as well. And what was most interesting was comparing them and seeing where the similarities were. I would have categorized them as schools and museums, but those would be false categories. I spent time at three different museums for my service hours, the Bangor Discovery Museum, theRead MoreAnalysis Of The Film The World s Classroom 1727 Words   |  7 Pagessocially problematic, in regards to some methods when learning about other cultures, Claire practices very progressive teaching methods and concepts that our class has covered. Because of using these varied teaching methods, Claire is also creating a more indepth and engaged learning environment that appears to have a positive impact on her students. Two concepts that I will be introducing and comparing to Claire’s classroom are Self-directed Learning and The Four Aspects of Engagement. Both of these

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Origin and History of SRI Free Essay Example, 1750 words

The concept of socially responsible investment is not new. The roots of what has become known as socially responsible investing go back to ancient times. The Old Testament laid down many commands about how to invest ethically. Similarly, the Quran also spells clear instructions about ethical investment. There is a general agreement that current consciousness of ethical investment or socially responsible investment was developed with the Quaker and Methodist religious movements in the 19th Century. Later on, in 1928, Philip L. Carrot initiated Pioneer Fund the earliest SRI fund initiated in the United States. This fund is still operating(Social Funds, 2010). The first SRI fund in the United Kingdom was the Friends Provident Stewardship Fund which was started in 1984 (Ali and Gold, 2002)The political scenario of the 1960s helped in raising awareness around issues of social responsibility (Schueth, 2003). This decade marked a series of social and environmental movements which emphasiz ed civil rights and women s rights on one hand and on the other, these movements raised their voice against humans catastrophes in wars. Later on, the human rights movement broadened the scope of the SRI to the management and labor issues. We will write a custom essay sample on Origin and History of SRI or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page Those investors, during the 1970s and 1980s, used both screening and shareholder advocacy (activism) to press for change in South Africa.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Answer Key Free Essays

Professor Mumford mumford@purdue. edu Econ 360 – Fall 2012 Problem Set 1 Answers True/False (30 points) 1. FALSE If (ai , bi ) : i = 1, 2, . We will write a custom essay sample on Answer Key or any similar topic only for you Order Now . . , n and (xi , yi ) : i = 1, 2,  ·  ·  · , n are sets of n pairs of numbers, then: n n n (ai xi + bi yi ) = i=1 i=1 ai x i + i=1 bi yi 2. FALSE If xi : i = 1, 2, . . . , n is a set of n numbers, then: n n n n n (xi ? x) = ? i=1 n i=1 2 x2 i ? 2? x i=1 xi + i=1 x = ? i=1 2 x2 ? n? 2 x i where x = ? 1 n i=1 xi 3. TRUE If xi : i = 1, 2, . . . , n is a set of n numbers and a is a constant, then: n n a xi = a i=1 n i=1 xi = a n x ? here x = ? 1 n i=1 xi 4. FALSE If X and Y are independent random variables then: E (Y |X) = E (Y ) 1 5. TRUE If {a1 , a2 , . . . , an } are constants and {X1 , X2 , . . . , Xn } are random variables then: n n E i=1 ai X i = i=1 ai E (Xi ) 6. FALSE For a random variable X, let  µ = E (X). The variance of X can be expressed as: V ar(X) = E X 2 ?  µ2 7. TRUE For random variables Y and X, the variance of Y conditional on X = x is given by: V ar(Y |X = x) = E Y 2 |x ? [E (Y |x)]2 8. TRUE An estimator, W , of ? is an unbiased estimator if E (W ) = ? for all possible values of ?. 9. FALSE The central limit theorem states that the average from a random sample for any population (with ? nite variance) when it is standardized, by subtracting the mean and then dividing by the standard deviation, has an asymptotic standard normal distribution. 10. TRUE The law of large numbers states that if X1 , X2 , . . . , Xn are independent, identically distributed random variables with mean  µ, then ? plim Xn =  µ 2 Multiple Choice Questions (a) ceteris paribus (b) correlation (c) causal e? ect (d) independence (20 points) 11. The idea of holding â€Å"all else equal† is known as 12. If our dataset has one observation for every state for the year 2000, then our dataset is (a) cross-sectional data (b) pooled cross-sectional data (c) time series data (d) panel data 13. If our dataset has one observation for every state for the year 2000 and another observation for each state in 2005, then our dataset is (a) cross-sectional data (b) pooled cross-sectional data (c) time series data (d) panel data 14. If our dataset has one observation for the state of Indiana each year from 1950-2005 then our dataset is (a) cross-sectional data (b) pooled cross-sectional data (c) time series data (d) panel data 15. Consider the function f (X, Y ) = (aX + bY )2 . What is (a) 2aX (b) a(aX + bY ) (c) 2a(aX + bY ) (d) a2 X ? f (X,Y ) ? X 3 Long Answer Questions (50 points) 16. The sum of squared deviations (subtracting the average value of x from each observation on x) is the sum of the squared xi minus n times the square of x. There are ? several ways to show this, here is one: n n xi (xi ? x) ? i=1 = i=1 n (xi ? x + x) (xi ? x) ? ? ? n = i=1 n (xi ? x) (xi ? x) + ? ? i=1 n x (xi ? x) ? ? = i=1 (xi ? x)2 + x ? ? i=1 n (xi ? x) ? (xi ? x) = 0, so ? and we know that i=1 n i=1 (xi ? x)2 ? 17. There are several ways to show that this expression equals the sample covariance between x and y, here is one: n n xi (yi ? y ) ? i=1 = i=1 n (xi ? x + x) (yi ? y ) ? ? ? n = i=1 n (xi ? x) (yi ? y ) + x ? ? ? i=1 (yi ? y ) ? = i=1 (xi ? x) (yi ? y ) ? ? 18. Correlation and causation are not always the same thing. (a) A negative correlation means that larger class size is associated with lower test performance. This could be because the relationship is causal meaning that having a larger class size actually hurts student performance. However, there are other reasons we might ? nd a negative relationship. For example, children from more a? uent families might be more likely to attend schools with smaller class sizes, and a? uent children generally score better on standardized tests. Another possibility is that within a school, a principal might assign the better students to smaller classes. Or, some parents might insist that their children are in the smaller classes, and these same parents tend to be more involved in their children’s education. Given the potential for confounding factors such as these, ? ding a negative correlation between class size and test scores is not strong evidence that smaller 4 class sizes actually lead to better performance. Thus, without other information, we cannot draw a meaningful economic conclusions. A correct answer should explain that we should be careful about drawing economic conclusions from simple correlations. (b) The sample correlation between N and T is de? ned as: s rN T = N T sN sT where the sample covariance, sN T , is given by: sN T = 1 999 1000 ? Ni ? N i=1 ? Ti ? T and the sample standard deviations are given by: sN = 1 999 1000 Ni ? N i=1 2 sT = 1 999 1000 ? Ti ? T i=1 2 Note that there are several alternative ways to write this and statistical programs generally use other algorithms to calculate the correlation that are less prone to loss of precision due to roundo? error or storage over? ow. 19. Wage data (a) There are 526 observations. (b) There are 274 men in the sample. This means that the sample is 52. 09 percent male. (c) The average level of education in the sample is 12. 6 years. The median level of education is 12 years. (d) The highest education level in the sample is 18 years of school. 9 people in the sample report having 18 years of education. (e) The average hourly wage in the sample is $5. 90. The median hourly wage in the sample is $4. 65. 20. Fertility data (a) There are 363 women in the sample. (b) The average number of children ever born to a woman in the sample is 2. 3. The median number is 2. (c) The largest number of children ever born to a woman in the sample 7. Six women report having seven children. (d) 25 percent of the sample lived in the eastern United States at age 16. (e) The average level of eduction in the sample is 13. 2 years. 5 How to cite Answer Key, Essay examples

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Influence Of Culture In The Business †Free Samples for Students

Question: Discuss About The Influence Of Culture In The Business? Answer: Introducation The influence of culture in the business of a particular country is prevalent. Business organizations or house need to follow the cultural norms of the contemporary community they are serving. Organizations or individuals, trying to expand their business in a different culture must understand the concept of cross culture management to give their management strategies a generalized as well as subjective dimension as per requirement of the concerned culture, they are willing to work (Thomas and Peterson, 2017, p.11). According to the case of the assessment project, Emily is an Australian entrepreneur working in the field of food. She owns a shop namely, 'The Aromatic Condiment Shop' and small factory in Perth. Her condiments are made of purely organic ingredients and are also free from harmful preservatives. Emily wishes to expand her business to Japan, as she thinks that her products will do good business in Japan. She is planning to planning to introduce items like, chilli sauces, pa stes, chutneys and jams to serve the needs of the Japanese community. Food is an important component of respective culture in the society, which evinces the nature of the culture and choices of the community people (Tjosvold, 2017, p.24). Emily understands that she should a person directly connected with business environment of Japan. Mr. Hamasaki is a fifty year old single man who works as a manager of a popular store in Japan. Emily is about to come to meet Mr. Hamasaki in person in order to gather information about Japanese business etiquette and Japanese market. This essay will concentrate on the relevant areas Emily needs to focus before conducting meeting with Mr. Hamasaki. Hofstede's 5 Cultural dimensions-Australia Vs Japan: According to Hofstede, cultural patterns of different nations can be accessed on the basis of five dimensions. Emily needs to study Hofstede's 5 Cultural dimensions for Japan in order to prepare herself for the meeting with Mr. Hamasaki of Japan. Power Distance: Power distance explains the way in which social inequalities are addressed in a society. Japan can be termed as a society with borderline hierarchy. It scored 54 in the power dimension of the country (Degens et al. 2017, p.37). Foreign business organizations found it most hierarchical as they had experienced slow decision making process in the business environment of Japan. Paradoxically, the slow decision making process of Japan indicates that in Japan, power of decision making is not concentrated within limited hands. Again according to the education system of Japan everyone is equal and they can achieve anything if they work hard. Figure 1: Hofstede's 5 Cultural dimensions for Japan Source: In comparison to Japan, Australia maintains lower hierarchical in their business environment (Beugelsdijk et al. 2017, p.30). The concept of hierarchy is practiced in Australia to provide transparent services to community people. Senior managers always rely on the performances of junior employee in the business environment of Australia. Business environment of Australia is far more soothing than Japan. Uncertainty Avoidance: Uncertainty avoidance index of Japan is 92. It indicates the fact that Japan always has plans for their future happenings (Serenko et al. 2017, p.41). This is so because Japanese community has to face the severe consequences caused by constant threats of natural disasters like, earthquake, tsunamis etc. So the Japanese business environment is quite predictive in nature. Business organizations there are used prepare themselves for future uncertainties in order to avoid bigger consequences of loss in the business. Whereas, in comparison to the Japanese business industry, Australian business environment is less concerned about the future of the business. Australian uncertainty avoidance index shows a moderate figure of 51. Figure 2: Hofstede's 5 Cultural dimensions- Australia Vs Japan Source: Individualism Vs Collectivism: In this dimension, the interdependency pattern of the respective society has been shown. Japan scores 46, which shows that business environment of Japan maintains the concept of interdependency (Degens et al. 2017, p.37). They act more reserved than the other Asian countries in the world. While talking about the individualism index of Australia (90), it can be said they more independent in nature. They are self sufficient and are likely to introduce independent business strategies and ideas in their business. Masculinity Vs Femininity: Higher masculine index of the Japan (95) shows that they competition, profit and success in thier business environment. Japan is considered one of the most masculine society in the world (Serenko et al. 2017, p.41). Attempting to be the best and move above the crowd are the concepts that are always get admiration in the business environment of Japan. The business organizations of Japan tries to motivate their employees in order to earn better profit than others. Success in terms of material production is significant in the business environment of Japan. On the other hand, Australia scores 61 in their Masculinity Vs Femininity dimension index. Australian business environment is more feminine in nature (Beugelsdijk et al. 2017, p.30). Australian society prefers quality of life rather than success in the materialistic production of the society. Australians chooses their professions on the basis of their liking over monetary preferences. Long Term Vs Short Term Orientation: Higher long term orientation index of Japan (88) evinces that business organizations of Japan maintains pragmatic approaches in their business strategies. They prefer to a steady growth in their business rather than periodical profit. It is seen that Japanese used to invest a big amount in their research and development projects even in the critical financial business environment (Degens et al. 2017, p.37). Their purpose is work for sustainable development of the society at large. On the other hand, Australia scores 21 in this index. Australian business organization maintains normative culture in their business environment. They focus more on present than on future. Japanese Business Etiquette: Choices and preferences of the community vary according to the culture of the community. And business organizations have their purposes to follow the choices and preferences of certain groups and community in order to reach the optimum satisfaction level of the group or community. Value of Silence: Japanese value silence in the initial stage of business (Hastings and Castle Bell, 2017, p.1). They link silence with credibility. According to them, the person or business partner who talks much, works little. Group Solidarity: Japanese business culture gives value to group solidarity over individualism. They prefer to work and move together in business and in other activities of life. Value of Business Cards: Japanese value their business cards. Japanese maintain engrained set of etiquettes while dealing with their business cards. They accept the cards by using both hands and handled it care and honour (Takeda et al. 2017, p.179). Placing their business cards in pocket or wallet is considered to be a blunder of etiquette to the Japanese. Value Seniority: Japanese CEOs are generally older than the CEOs of other countries in the world. They used to greet older person before the younger ones in the society. They respect age and seniority. Gentle approach in sell: Japanese follow the gentle approach in the marketing and delivery of their products and services. They prefer to build trust over profit in the business environment. Value of Privacy: Japanese people choose privacy in their life, business decisions and culture. They spent lesser amount of time in social networking sites. Gift Etiquette: In Japan, there is an importance of business gift in the industry. But, one must understand the gift etiquette of Japan before buying gifts for Japanese (Cook and Burdelski, 2017, p.461). As an example, white flowers are used to serve funeral purposes in Japan, so, it should be avoided. Sophisticated table manners: Japanese follow sophisticated table manners. They want others to value their table manners. Value of Small Stuff: Japanese value small and minute details in their life and business environment. One must show sensibility while dealing with the Japanese business environment. For example, one should not blow their nose in public; it is considered as poor sense of taste. Conservative and Unofficial dress code: Japanese value sophisticated dressing in their business environment as well as in their life. Men used to wear conservative suits and women are encouraged to carry minimum jewelleries. Suggestions For Emily: In this essay, several details associated with the business environment of Japan are discussed and explained. On the basis of this assessment report, recommendations for Emily can be developed. Emily should choose her dresses properly for her business meeting with Mr. Hamasaki. She should carry minimum jewellery and avoid to wear low heals in the meeting. She must greet senior and aged members of the community. She should show respect for the Japanese table manners. She should consider to follow minute details while dealing Japanese business managers, like, she should remove her shoes before entering into a Japanese house. She should select business gifts for Mr. Hamasaki cautiously. She may take a language translator with her. She must consider the contents of Hofstede's 5 Cultural dimensions for Japan while dealing with Japanese business managers. She should be to display her knowledge in the concerned field. Her business approach should be bold and polite. Her business strategies should be beneficial for the sustainable development of Japanese community. Reference Lists: Beugelsdijk, S., Kostova, T. and Roth, K., 2017. An overview of Hofstede-inspired country-level culture research in international business since 2006.Journal of International Business Studies,48(1), pp.30-47. Cook, H.M. and Burdelski, M., 2017. (Im) politeness: Language Socialization. InThe Palgrave Handbook of Linguistic (Im) politeness(pp. 461-488). Palgrave Macmillan UK. Degens, N., Endrass, B., Hofstede, G.J., Beulens, A. and Andr, E., 2017. What I see is not what you get: why culture-specific behaviours for virtual characters should be user-tested across cultures.AI society,32(1), pp.37-49. Gelfand, M.J., Aycan, Z., Erez, M. and Leung, K., 2017. Cross-cultural industrial organizational psychology and organizational behavior: A hundred-year journey.Journal of Applied Psychology,102(3), p.514. Hastings, S.O. and Castle Bell, G., 2017. Facing our Heuristic Limits: Expanding the Terminology for Types of Positive Face.Communication Quarterly, pp.1-15. Serenko, A., Sato, O., Palvia, P.C., Turan, A.H. and Sasaki, H., 2017. The Effect of Work-Home Conflict on IT Employees in Japan: The Moderating Role of Conscientiousness. Takeda, T., Kida, N. and Hara, T., 2017, July. Appropriateness and Impression Evaluation of Japanese Seated Bow. InInternational Conference on Digital Human Modeling and Applications in Health, Safety, Ergonomics and Risk Management(pp. 179-187). Springer, Cham. Thomas, D.C. and Peterson, M.F., 2017.Cross-cultural management: Essential concepts. Sage Publications. Tjosvold, D., 2017.Cross-cultural management: foundations and future. Routledge.